Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II of England has died, she reigned for 70 years making her the 4th longest reigning monarch.
Longest Serving Monarchs
|1||Louis XIV||France||14 May 1643||1 September 1715||26,407||72 years, 110 days|
|2||Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX)||Thailand||9 June 1946||13 October 2016||25,694||70 years, 126 days|
|3||Johann II||Liechtenstein||12 November 1858||11 February 1929||25,658||70 years, 91 days|
|4||Elizabeth II||United Kingdom|
|6 February 1952||8 September 2022||25,782||70 years, 214 days|
Elizabeth Alexandra Mary II was born on the 21st April 1926 was the Queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms.
Elizabeth was born in Mayfair, London, as the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York who later became King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. Her father ascended the throne in 1936 upon the abdication of his brother, King Edward VIII, making Elizabeth the heir presumptive. She was educated privately at home and began to undertake public duties during the Second World War, serving in the Auxiliary Territorial Service.
In November 1947, she married Philip Mountbatten, a former prince of Greece and Denmark, with whom she had four children: Charles, Prince of Wales; Anne, Princess Royal; Prince Andrew, Duke of York; and Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex.
When her father died in February 1952, Elizabeth then 25 years old became queen regnant of seven independent Commonwealth countries: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan, and Ceylon, as well as Head of the Commonwealth. Elizabeth has reigned as a constitutional monarch through major political changes such as the Troubles in Northern Ireland, devolution in the United Kingdom, the accession of the United Kingdom to the European Communities, the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the European Union, Canadian patriation, and the decolonisation of Africa.
Between 1956 and 1992, the number of her realms varied as territories gained independence, and as realms, including South Africa, Pakistan, and Ceylon (renamed Sri Lanka), became republics. Her many visits and meetings include a state visit to the Republic of Ireland and visits to or from five popes. Significant events have included her coronation in 1953 and the celebrations of her Silver, Golden, and Diamond Jubilees in 1977, 2002, and 2012 respectively.
In 2017, she became the first British monarch to reach a Sapphire Jubilee. On 9 April 2021, after 73 years of marriage, her husband, Prince Philip, died at the age of 99.
Titles and styles
- 21 April 1926 – 11 December 1936: Her Royal Highness Princess Elizabeth of York
- 11 December 1936 – 20 November 1947: Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth
- 20 November 1947 – 6 February 1952: Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh
- Since 6 February 1952: Her Majesty The Queen
Queen Elizabeth’s Children, Grand Children & Great Grand Children.
|Name||Birth||Marriage||Their Children||Their Grandchildren|
|Charles, Prince of Wales||14 November 1948||29 July 1981|
Divorced 28 August 1996
|Princess Diana||Prince William, Duke of Cambridge||Prince George of Cambridge|
Princess Charlotte of Cambridge
Prince Louis of Cambridge
|Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex||Archie Mountbatten-Windsor|
|9 April 2005||Camilla Parker Bowles||None|
|Anne, Princess Royal||15 August 1950||14 Nov 1973,|
Divorced 28 April 1992
|Mark Phillips||Peter Phillips||Savannah Phillips|
|12 Dec 1992||Timothy Laurence||Zara Tindall||Mia Tindall|
|Andrew Mountbatten-Windsor||19 February 1960||23 July 1986|
Divorced 30 May 1996
|Sarah Ferguson||Princess Beatrice,|
Mrs Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi
|Sienna Mapelli Mozzi|
Mrs Jack Brooksbank
|Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex||10 March 1964||19 June 1999||Sophie Rhys-Jones||Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor||None|
|James Mountbatten-Windsor, Viscount Severn||None|